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1.   HOW A STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ACQUIRES HIS/HER EXPERTISE?
Structural Engineer acquires the necessary knowledge and skill in three well-defined stages:
  • First, through the study of fundamental principles of science, mathematics and properties and behaviors of different construction materials in the process of acquiring his / her basic civil/structural engineering degree;
  • Second, by the acquisition of the essential design expertise through a programme of Initial Professional Development under the guidance of a practicing senior Structural Engineer or working in a structural engineering firm;
  • Third, by keeping himself/herself updated with the latest developments in his / her field of specialization through a variety of programmes of Continuing Professional Development

2.   HOW STRUCTURAL ENGINEER WORKS ?
In individual capacity as an independent Consultant,
                                   Or
 In partnership with other professionals,
                                  Or
In employment with
            a)         Central/State government
            b)         Public/Private sector undertaking
            c)         Consulting organization
            d)         Contracting organization

3.   WHAT IS STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING ?

  • Structural Engineering is a field of specialization of Civil Engineering.
  • Structural Engineering is the science and art of designing with elegance and economy a built form which is capable of withstanding forces of nature and which continues to perform its functions with maximum possible safety, durability and economy.
  • Structural Engineering encompasses design of residential / commercial / educational / recreational Buildings, Bridges, Sports Stadiums, Ports & Harbors, Dams & Aqueducts, and all other elements of built environment.
  • Structural Engineering imparts adequate strength to these elements so as to withstand the forces of nature. These forces could be generated by Gravity, Wind, Cyclones, and Earthquakes. Sea Waves, Thermal Variations – to name just a few.

4.   WHO IS A STRUCTURAL ENGINEER?
Structural engineer is a qualified professional who save the society by ensuring that the built environment society rescue – building, bridge, sports stadium, theater, hospital/residential/ commercial complex, oil rigs, hotel and resort and other built forms-

  • are safe
  • are durable
  • are economical and
  • enhance the environment by their quality and elegance

    Structural engineer understand

  • The force generated by gravity, and other element of nature
  • The properties of construction material
  • Behavior of structural forms and system under the impact of force of nature

    Structural engineer design
    A safe built environment, which is economical and also resistant earthquake and other natural forces

5.   WHAT IS THE SCOPE OF SERVICES OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ?
Structural Engineer’s services encompass a wide range covering, broadly

  • Conceptualization, including associating with architects or other Professionals to arrive at an optimal design solution
  • Design Development
  • Detailed Design
  • Detailed Structural Drawings
  • Structural Specifications
  • Quality assurance
  • Management of Projects
  • Risk Assessment – Safety Standards & Structural Integrity
  • structural repair, rehabilitation & retrofitting

6.   WHAT IS THE ROLE OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEER?
Structural Engineer has a pre-eminent role in the creation of Built Environment, which is safe, economical, elegant and also resistant to earthquakes and other natural forces.  

  • More than 50 percent of India’s total national expenditure is on construction activities, with which Structural Engineer has to be necessarily involved.
  • Be it housing, urban development, multi-storeyed buildings, bridges, hydraulic structures, or highways – all require substantive inputs from Structural Engineer.
  • Some very large span structures, tall buildings, very large span bridges, off-shore platforms for oil exploration, marine structures and space structures require very intensive and high quality inputs from Structural Engineer.

7.   WHAT ARE SPECIALIST SKILLS OF STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ?
Structural Engineer has to necessarily acquire specialist skills to effectively fulfill his/her obligations towards creation of safe and economical structures by 

  • Conceptualizing forms that are appropriate to the purpose of each structure, with particular consideration of the impact on the built environment;
  • Selecting materials that are appropriate for each structure, with particular emphasis on durability;
  • Sizing structural members so that they are fit for the purpose, neither so large that they are uneconomical nor so small that they are unsafe;
  • Understanding the nature of soil and subsurface conditions, with a view to ensuring that foundations are strong enough but not extravagant;
  • Demanding and ensuring construction procedures that ensure that the product is of    high quality;
  • Communicating effectively with all members of the design

8.   HOW TO FIND A STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ?

  • Through IAStructE members directory

9.   WHEN SHOULD I CONSULT A STRUCTURAL ENGINEER ?
If you are planning any project in built environment. You may consult him/her at any stage during the project but it is better to involve him/her at initial stages of planning.

10. WHO SHOULD CONSULT A STRUCTURAL ENGINEER?
Anybody & Everybody who wishes to Construct Buildings (big e.g. Industries or small e.g. Residential) or any other Civil infrastructure.